Education and Print Vol.

 Education and Print Volume. Essay

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Vol. 1 ) No . 2 . May 2012




Japanese University, Manila, 2University of San Agustin Iloilo Metropolis, PHILIPPINES [email protected] com, [email protected] com. ph level


The essay is an attempt to assess, evaluate and criticize issues affecting the academic system as time passes with the end view of recommending likely improvements. The metamorphosis of Philippine education through the years was obviously a gradual method brought about by ages of colonialism and imperialism. From the Spaniards to the People in america, to the Japan even through the Liberation period up to the EDSA revolution, within education did not match the high expectations of the Philippine people. Currently, the Philippine educational program needs to treat issues not only of accessibility and quality in offering education for any. Other concerns needs to addressed involved the role of education in the national expansion, the unconcerned curriculum, poor monitoring of programs integrated, globalization of education as well as politics in education. Pertaining to the Philippine education to succeed its problems and concerns must be dealt with. There is a requirement for values reorientation of the Filipinos as a key to national development. Teachers' modification, in terms of their values positioning is necessary. Part of the teachers' alteration must include their changing or updating for professional and personal expansion. Hence, govt support and intervention, along this line is very much needed. As these similar ills and problems have been completely hounding the for the last a number of decades, inability to do so will simply compound these problems in the coming years. Keywords: colonialism, imperialism, educational system, globalization

INTRODUCTION Filipino Education is a product of long good struggle. Their metamorphosis was obviously a gradual process which was a product of years of colonialism and imperialism. The Spaniards were for sometimes, powerful in making the natives illiterate and misleading. From the coming of Legazpi in 1570 to 1762, the residents were satisfied to be sujet of Spain. The Spaniards triumphed in using religion to make the persons submissive and unquestioning. The individuals blindly followed their overseas masters with the hope of solution in the remainder. The Spanish policy dedicated to treating the natives as being a ward; hence, there is no need to allow them to be educated. This coverage offered not any opportunity for the Indios (as what the Spaniards call the Filipinos in that time) to enhance their whole lot in the colonial time society. However , the second phase of Spanish colonization, from 1762 – 1896 was a amount of awakening. It marked the start of the understanding, the daybreak of critical queries and, ultimately, of revolution. A global changes during that time, like the opening of Suez Canal, the French Innovation, the starting of the Thailand to world trade and commerce, among others, provided

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ISSN: 2186-8492, ISSN: 2186-8484 Print out

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Vol. 1 . No . 2 . Might 2012

chance for the illustrados (the informed class through the Spanish period) to send youngsters to school, possibly in The european union. History lets us know that education during the The spanish language colonization was selective. It absolutely was more of a advantage than a correct. Educational options were thus limited that learning became the possession of your chosen few. Only the illustrados, the likes of Jose Rizal, the Luna siblings, the Mulato de Taveras and others, acquired it, despite harsh treatment and splendour from their Spanish contemporaries. Learning, therefore , became a badge of privilege. There was an extensive gap between the illustrados and the masses. Even if the...

References: Apilado, Digna (2008). A History of Paradox: Some Notes on Philippine Open public Education inside the 20th Century. Barrows, David (1910). What May Be Predicted from Filipino Education?, The Journal of Race Advancement, Vol 1, No . 2, pp. one hundred and fifty six – 168. Bautista, M. C., Bernanrdo, A, and Ocampo, Deb (2008). When ever reforms No longer Transform: Reflections on Institutional reforms in the Department of Education, Human being Development Network Discussion Conventional paper. Constantino, Renato (1959). The Miseducation in the Filipino, Every week Graphics. Doronila, Ma. Luisa (1999). The Transformation of Philippine education: An Evaluation and Analyze of Several Current and Emerging Policy Reforms. Funtecha, H. & Padilla, Meters. (2004). Study Guide in Philippine History for Professors and Learners. Iloilo Town: Mindset Posting. Guillermo, Ramon (1997). Rationalizing Failures: The Philippine Federal government in the Education Sector. Manalang, Priscilla (1977). Issues in Philippine Education, Philippine Sociological Review, Vol 25, pp. 63 – 68 Pertierra, Raul (1995). The Mythology and Politics of Philippine Education, Kasarinlan, Vol. 15, No . three or more, pp. one hundred ten – 120. Trewby, James (2007). The Philippines: Development Issues and Education.

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