Resistivity

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 Resistivity Essay

п»їEpisode 112: Resistivity

In this episode, learners learn how and why the resistance of the wire depends on the wire's proportions. They find out definition of resistivity and use it in calculations.

Brief summary

Discussion: Variant of resistance with length and area. (5 minutes) Pupil experiment: Variant of resistance with length and area. (30 minutes) Conversation: Variation of level of resistance with span and area. (10 minutes) Student try things out: Measurement of resistivity. (30 minutes) Scholar questions: Employing these concepts. (30 minutes)

Discussion:

Variety of resistance with length and area

The analogy to water circulation will be valuable here -- ask them how they think the flow charge will be damaged if you raise the cross-sectional area or length of the pipe along which the water has to movement. This should lead to two predictions about the resistance of any wire: resistance increases with length

level of resistance decreases with diameter or perhaps cross-sectional location

It will be well worth reminding these people that doubling the size quadruples the cross-sectional region; many learners get uncertain of the variation and expect a line of double diameter to acquire half the resistance.

Scholar experiment:

Variant of resistance with length and area

You may ask them to do one or both of the following experiments. Both strengthen the idea that level of resistance depends on material dimensions:

TAP 112-1: How a dimensions of any conductor affect its resistance TAP 112-2: Introduction to resistivity using doing paper

Discussion:

Variation of resistance with span and area

Follow up with a few theory recommending:

Resistance can be proportional to length t

Resistance is definitely inversely proportional to cross-sectional area A R= continuous x duration / cross-section area

The constant is a home of the materials - the resistivity пЃІ R = пЃІпЂ пЂ l / AпЂ

The units of resistivity can be derived from the equation: пЃ—пЂ mпЂ пЂ. Emphasise that is ‘ohm metre', certainly not ‘ohm every metre'. Talk about the great variety of resistivities between materials. Principles for metals are very tiny. The resistivity of a materials is numerically equal to the resistance between opposite confronts of a one-metre-cube of the materials; although this may not be a good meaning of resistivity, visualizing such a block of metal will indicate why its benefit should be thus low (~10-9 пЃ— m).

Student experiment:

Measurement of resistivity

Full this section by simply asking the students to measure the resistivity of several metal wire connections. This research provides an opportunity for a detailed discussion of the treatment of fresh errors.

TAP 112-3: Computing electrical resistivity

Student inquiries:

Using these kinds of ideas

Concerns involving resistivity.

Students often get confused between cross-section place and diameter. Make sure they are able to convert mm2 to m2 for resistivity calculations.

TOUCH 112-4: Electrical Properties

FAUCET 112- 1: How the dimensions of a caudillo affect it is resistance

From this experiment you can study how a size and shape of any conductor influence its level of resistance, even though the material from which the conductor is done does not transform.

Requirements

regarding 50 g of performing putty

pair of putty contacts

2 digital multimeters

a few п‚ґ 5 mm leads

power supply, 0–12 V power

cutting plank for the putty (on which it could rest during the experiment) table knife

disposable plastic gloves

(Warning: the putty is not toxic but it stains hands and clothes. )

Procedure for follow

Take care of the putty for a moment or two. Just how would you identify its mechanised properties? You can actually mould the fabric and this can make it suitable for a great experiment when you change the shape of a material and observe these improvements affect the level of resistance.

You need to accomplish two independent experiments.

Inside the first, make an effort to answer problem: how does the resistance with the putty fluctuate with duration when the cross-sectional area remains constant?

In the second, keep the...

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