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Muslim Scientist & Their Contribution (Complete)

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2013-14

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Muslim Scientist & Their Contribution

ABU AL-QASIM AL-ZAHRAWI (936-1013 C. At the. )

Abul Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas al-Zahrawi (known in the west while Abulcasis) came to be in 936 C. Elizabeth. in Zahra in the area of Cordova. He became one of the most famous surgeons with the Muslim era and was physician to King Al-Hakam-II of Spain. After a lengthy medical profession, rich with significant unique contribution, this individual died in 1013 C. E. He could be best known pertaining to his early on and original breakthroughs in surgery as well as his famous Medical Ecyclopaedia called Al-Tasrif, which is made up of thirty volumes covering different facets of medical science. The more important part of this series includes three catalogs on surgical procedure, which identify in detail various aspects of medical procedures as based upon the procedures performed simply by him, which include cauterization, removal of stone in the bladder, dissection of pets, midwifery, stypics, and medical procedures of attention, ear and throat. This individual perfected many delicate businesses, including associated with the lifeless foetus and amputation. Al-Tasrif was first translated by Gherard of Cremona into Latina in the Middle Age ranges. It was accompanied by several other publishers in The european countries. The book contains quite a few diagrams and illustrations of surgical devices, in use or perhaps developed by him, and composed a part of the medical curriculum in Countries in europe for many decades. Contrary to the view that the Muslims fought timid of surgery, Al-Zahrawi's Al-Tasrif provided a monumental collection for this branch of applied scientific research. Al-Zahrawi was your inventor of several medical instruments, which three happen to be notable: (i) an instrument for internal examina- tion in the ear, (ii) an instrument pertaining to internal inspection of the harnrohre, and (iii) and device for making use of or taking away foreign bodies from the can range f. He specializing in curing disease by cauterization and utilized the strategy to as many as 60 different businesses. In his book Al-Tasrif, Al-Zahrawi has also reviewed the planning of various medications, in addition to a comprehensive account of surgical treatment in specialized divisions, whose contemporary counterparts are E. And. T., Ophthalmology, etc . Associated with the preparing of drugs, he has also described in more detail the application of these kinds of techniques because sublimation and decantation. AlZahrawi was as well an expert in dentistry, great book consists of sketches of varied instruments applied thereof, as well as a description of numerous important dental care operations. This individual discussed the situation of non-aligned or deformed teeth and the way to rectify these types of defects. He developed the thought of preparing man-made teeth along with replacement of substandard teeth by simply these. In medicine, he was the first to describe in detail the unusual disease, haemophelia. There could be no doubt that Al-Zahrawi affected the field of medicine and surgery extremely deeply as well as the principles laid down simply by him were recognized as traditional in medical science, especially

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surgical treatment, and these types of continued to influence the medical universe for five centuries. According to Doctor Cambell (History of Arab Medicine), his principles of medical science surpassed those of Galen inside the European medical curriculum.

YAQUB IBN ISHAQ AL-KINDI (800-873 C. At the. ) Abu Yousuf Yaqub Ibn Ishaq al-Kindi was born at Kufa around 800 C. Elizabeth. His daddy was a state of Haroon al-Rashid. Al-Kindi was a contemporary of al-Mamun, al-Mu'tasim and al-Mutawakkil and...

References: to it by medieval freelance writers are many, and no doubt that it was greatly responsible for spreading knowledge of Ptolemaic astronomy, at least until this kind of role was taken over by simply Sacrobosco is Sphere. Although even after that, 'The Components ' of Al-Farghani always been used, and Sacrobosco 's Sphere was evidently indebted to this. It was via 'The Elements ' (in Gherard is actually translation) that Dante produced the substantial knowledge exhibited in the 'Vita nuova ' and in the 'Convivio '

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MOHAMMAD IBN ZAKARIYA AL-RAZI (864-930 C. Elizabeth. )

Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Zakariya al-Razi (864-930 C. At the. ) was born at Beam, Iran. Primarily, he was considering music nevertheless later on this individual learnt medication, mathematics, astronomy, chemistry and philosophy via a student of Hunayn Ibn Ishaq, who was well versed inside the ancient Greek, Local and American indian systems of drugs and other subjects. He also studied underneath Ali Ibn Rabban. The practical experience received at the well-known Muqtadari Medical center helped him in his chosen profession of medicine. At an early age he gained eminence as a professional in remedies and transformation, so that people and learners flocked to him via distant regions of Asia. Having been first located in-charge from the first Regal Hospital by Ray, via where he shortly moved to an identical position in Baghdad where he remained the head of their famous Muqtadari Hospital for along time. He shifted from time to time to various cities, specifically between Beam and Baghdad, but finally returned to Ray, where he died about 930 C. E. His name is famed in the Razi Institute near Tehran. Razi was a Hakim, an alchemist and a philosopher. In medicine, his contribution was so significant that it can simply be in comparison to that of Ibn Sina. Some of his functions in medication e. g. Kitab alMansoori, Al-Hawi, Kitab al-Mulooki and Kitab al-Judari wa al- Hasabah earned everlasting celebrity. Kitab al-Mansoori, which was converted into Latina in the 15th century C. E., comprised ten volumes of prints and worked exhaustively with Greco-Arab treatments. Some of their volumes were published individually in European countries. His al-Judari wal Hasabah was the first treatise upon smallpox and chicken-pox, and it is largely based upon Razi is actually original contribution: It was converted into various European dialects. Through this kind of treatise he became the first to draw obvious comparisons between smallpox and chicken-pox. Al-Hawi was the most significant medical encyclopaedia composed by then. It contained on each medical subject crucial information that was offered from Greek and Arabic sources, which was determined by him by giving his own comments based on his experience and views. A particular feature of his medical system was that he tremendously favoured get rid of through correct and governed food. This was combined with his emphasis on the influence of psychological elements on overall health. He as well tried recommended remedies initially on pets or animals in order to evaluate in their results and side effects. He was as well an expert surgeon and was the first to use opium for anaesthesia. In addition to being a physician, he exponentially boosted medicines and, in his old age, gave himself over to experimental and assumptive sciences. It seems possible that this individual developed his chemistry separately of Jabir Ibn Hayyan. He features portrayed in great fine detail several chemical reactions and also presented full descriptions of and designs for about twenty instruments used in chemical inspections. His description of substance knowledge is at plain and plausible vocabulary. One of his books called Kitab-al-Asrar handles the preparing of substance materials and their utilization. One more was translated into Latin under the name Liber Experi- mentorum, He went beyond his predecessors in dividing chemicals into plant life, animals and minerals, therefore in a way starting the way intended for inorganic and organic biochemistry and biology. By and large, this classification in the three kingdoms still

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holds. As being a chemist, he was the first to produce sulfuric chemical p together with some other acids, and he as well prepared liquor by fermenting sweet items. His contribution as a philosopher is also well known. The basic factors in his philosophical system are the creator, soul, matter, space and period. He discusses their attributes in detail and his concepts of space and time as constituting a continuum are outstanding. His philosophical landscapes were, yet , criticised by a number of additional Muslim scholars of the age. He was a prolific author, who has kept monumental treatises on several subjects. He has more than 200 exceptional scientific efforts to his credit, away of which about half deal with medicine and twenty-one concern becoming. He also wrote about physics, math, astronomy and optics, require writings could hardly be maintained. A number of his books, including Jami-fi-al-Tib, Mansoori, al-Hawi, Kitab al-Jadari wa al-Hasabah, al-Malooki, Maqalah fi al- Hasat fi Kuli wa alMathana, Kitab al-Qalb, Kitab al-Mafasil, Kitab-al- 'Ilaj al-Ghoraba, Tavern al-Sa 'ah, and al-Taqseem wa al-Takhsir, have been printed in various European languages. Regarding 40 of his manuscripts are still extant in the museums and libraries of Usa, Paris, The united kingdom, Rampur, and Bankipur. His contribution features greatly motivated the development of science, in general, and medicine, particularly.

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